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米、シリアにミサイル攻撃 アサド政権の「化学兵器使用」断定

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strike
攻撃する(後出は攻撃・集中空爆、 assault は猛攻撃、blast は爆撃する)
chemical (weapon) attack
化学兵器の使用(attack は攻撃。後出 poison gas は毒ガス、nerve agent は神経ガス)
cruise missile
巡航ミサイル
in retaliation for ~
~の報復として
civilian
民間人
cast ~ as ...
~を…と位置付ける
vital
不可欠な
deter ~
~を阻止する
Florida resort
トランプ氏の別荘のこと
choke out the life of ~
~の息の根を止める
helpless
(ここでは)無抵抗の
warship
艦船
Mediterranean Sea
地中海
Congress
(米)連邦議会
close ally
(ここでは)後ろ盾
forces
軍隊
reversal
反転
candidate
(ここでは大統領選の)候補
(be) pulled into ~
~に巻き込まれる
civil war
内戦
disgrace to humanity
人類への侮辱
President Xi Jinping
習近平国家主席
pressing
差し迫った
security dilemma
安全保障上の難問
nuclear program
(ここでは)核開発
rally behind ~
~を支持する
deal (→dealt) a significant blow
重大な打撃を与える
veto ~
~に対して拒否権を発動する
Security Council
安全保障理事会
resolution
決議
draft
起草する(後出はここでは決議案)
condemn
非難する
ambassador
大使
vote
採決
pre‐judge
十分に審理せず判断する
【写真説明】Navy
海軍
Left: U.S. President Donald Trump speaks in Florida on April 6, after the U.S. fired missiles into Syria. (AP) Right: In this image provided by the U.S. Navy, a U.S. warship fires a missile on April 7 from the Mediterranean Sea. (U.S. Navy via AP)

US strikes Syria over chemical attack   

PALM BEACH, Florida (AP) - The United States blasted a Syrian air base with cruise missiles on the night of April 6 in retaliation for an April 4 chemical weapons attack against civilians. President Donald Trump cast the U.S. assault as vital to deter future use of poison gas. It was the first direct American assault on the Syrian government and Trump's most dramatic military order since becoming president.

    Announcing the assault from his Florida resort, Trump said there was no doubt Syrian President Bashar Assad was responsible for the chemical attack, which he said killed dozens.

    "Assad choked out the lives of helpless men, women and children," Trump declared.

    The U.S. strikes - 59 missiles fired from warships in the Mediterranean Sea - hit the Shayrat air base in central Syria, where U.S. officials say the Syrian military planes that dropped the nerve agent sarin had taken off.

    Trump ordered the strikes without approval from Congress or the backing of the United Nations. Before the strikes, U.S. military officials said they informed Russia, a close ally of Assad, of the attack to avoid any accident involving Russian forces.

    The U.S. assault marked a reversal for Trump, who warned as a candidate against the U.S. being pulled into the Syrian civil war. But the president appeared moved by the photos of children killed in the chemical attack, calling it a "disgrace to humanity" that crossed "a lot of lines."

    The strike came as Trump was hosting Chinese President Xi Jinping in meetings focused in part on another pressing U.S. security dilemma: North Korea's nuclear program.

    Much of the international community on April 7 rallied behind Trump's decision. But a spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin warned that the strikes dealt "a significant blow" to relations between Russia and the U.S.

    On April 12, Russia vetoed a U.N. Security Council resolution - drafted by Britain, France and the U.S. - that would have condemned the use of chemical weapons in Syria and demanded a speedy investigation.

    Russia's U.N. Ambassador Vladimir Safronkov told the council before the vote that the draft pre‐judged that the Syrian government was responsible for the April 4 attack.

    週刊英語学習紙 毎日ウィークリー4月22-29日号

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