- 制定する（後出 pass a bill into law は法案を可決して成立させる、enactment は制定、promulgation は公布）
- 天皇（後出 Emperor Kokaku は光格天皇〈在位１７８０～１８１７年〉、Empress は皇后）
- 退位（後出 abdicate と step down は退位する）
- House of Councillors
- plenary session
- advisory panel
- nonbinding resolution
- Imperial succession
- allowing princesses to establish their own Imperial branch families
Diet enacts law to allow Emperor's abdication
The House of Councillors passed a bill into law which allows Emperor Akihito to abdicate at a plenary session on June 9. Emperor Akihito would be the first to abdicate since Emperor Kokaku two centuries ago.
With the enactment of the law, 83‐year‐old Emperor Akihito is set to step down within three years of the law's promulgation. The government is looking at December 2018 as a possible time for the abdication and the start of a new Japanese era at the beginning of 2019.
After the abdication, Emperor Akihito will be called "joko," and Empress Michiko will get the new title of "jokogo."
The Emperor suggested last August that he would like to abdicate. The government requested an advisory panel to study the abdication issue the following month. The new legislation allows abdication only for the present emperor.
The legislation states the public's "understanding" and "sympathy" for the aging Emperor's "deep concern" about becoming unable to fulfill his duties as a reason to realize his abdication.
The Diet adopted a nonbinding resolution on June 7 asking the government to consider how to ensure a stable Imperial succession, such as allowing princesses to establish their own Imperial branch families.