- コンゴ民主共和国(Democratic Republic of the Congo)の
- Islamic State (IS) group
- 撲滅する（後出 combat は戦う）
- Norwegian Nobel Committee
- devote ～ to ...
- 被害者（後出 witness は証人）
- perpetrate against ～
- (gang) rape
- (be) named ～
- goodwill ambassador
- human trafficking
Nobel Peace Prize honors fight against sexual violence
OSLO, Norway (AP) － The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded on Oct. 5 to a Congolese doctor and an Iraqi woman, who once was a captive of the Islamic State (IS) group, for their work to highlight and eliminate the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war.
Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad "have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, war crimes," the Norwegian Nobel Committee said.
"Denis Mukwege is the helper who has devoted his life to defending these victims. Nadia Murad is the witness who tells of the abuses perpetrated against herself and others."
Mukwege, 63, founded a hospital in eastern Congo's Bukavu and has treated thousands of women, many of whom were victims of gang rape.
Murad, 25, is one of an estimated 3,000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the IS. She escaped after three months and chose to speak about her experiences. At the age of 23, she was named the U.N.'s first Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking.