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ノーベル平和賞に2氏 性暴力と戦う勇気示す

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award
(ここでは)授与を決定する
Congolese
コンゴ民主共和国(Democratic Republic of the Congo)の
captive
捕虜
Islamic State (IS) group
過激派組織「イスラム国」(IS)のこと
eliminate
撲滅する(後出 combat は戦う)
weapon
攻撃の手段
crucial
非常に重要な
Norwegian Nobel Committee
ノルウェーのノーベル賞委員会
devote ~ to ...
~を…にささげる
defend
守る
victim
被害者(後出 witness は証人)
abuse
虐待
perpetrate against ~
~に対して行う
(gang) rape
(集団)強姦(ごうかん)
Yazidi
ヤジディー教徒(イラク北部などのクルド人に信者が多い)の
(be) named ~
~に任命される
goodwill ambassador
親善大使
dignity
尊厳
human trafficking
人身売買
These file photos show Dr. Denis Mukwege, from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, left, on Nov. 26, 2014, and Yazidi woman from Iraq Nadia Murad on Dec. 13, 2016. (AP)

Nobel Peace Prize honors fight against sexual violence   

OSLO, Norway (AP) - The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded on Oct. 5 to a Congolese doctor and an Iraqi woman, who once was a captive of the Islamic State (IS) group, for their work to highlight and eliminate the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war.

Dr. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad "have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, war crimes," the Norwegian Nobel Committee said.

"Denis Mukwege is the helper who has devoted his life to defending these victims. Nadia Murad is the witness who tells of the abuses perpetrated against herself and others."

Mukwege, 63, founded a hospital in eastern Congo's Bukavu and has treated thousands of women, many of whom were victims of gang rape.

Murad, 25, is one of an estimated 3,000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the IS. She escaped after three months and chose to speak about her experiences. At the age of 23, she was named the U.N.'s first Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking.

[本文‐180 words]

週刊英語学習紙 毎日ウィークリー10月20日号

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