A total of 106 of 140 facilities designated as possible nuclear disaster evacuation centers that receive central government subsidies have insufficient food stores, a Board of Audit investigation has found.
The 140 facilities in 16 prefectures, mostly schools, community centers, nursing homes and hospitals, are designated as possible shelters for the elderly, disabled and others vulnerable to a disaster, and are situated within a 30-kilometer radius of nuclear power plants. They will be operated in cooperation with the host municipal governments in case of a nuclear disaster, and the central government allotted a total of 24.6 billion yen to support the facilities between fiscal 2013 and 2015.
The subsidies were used to install equipment such as positive pressure air conditioning systems to keep the facilities clear of radioactive materials. The facilities are intended to shelter evacuees for between two and seven days, depending on the municipality. Food supplies and fuel for electric generators are not covered by the central government subsidies, meaning these costs are left up to the host municipalities.
The Board of Audit investigation found that 106, or 76 percent, of the facilities lacked sufficient food stores as of September 2015, and 59 facilities did not have enough fuel.
The Cabinet Office, which administers the shelter subsidies, stated, "We've created a new budget line for subsidies for food and fuel. The situation is likely to improve."