- lower house
- 衆議院（後出 House of Representatives も同意）
- (pass a) bill
- amid ～
- 反対（の）（後出は野党の、opposition legislator は野党議員、opposition party は野党）
- 改正する（後出 modify は修正する）
- punitive measures
- targeted duty
- Constitutional ... Japan
- plenary session
- ruling coalition (parties)
- withdraw from ～
Lower house passes labor reform bill amid opposition
The House of Representatives on May 31 passed a controversial work-style reform bill despite criticism of the bill from opposition legislators.
The bill would revise eight labor laws. This includes introducing an upper limit on overtime with punitive measures against violators. The bill also contains a so-called high-level professional labor system that would make high-earning specialists in certain fields exempt from upper limits on working hours.
Opposition parties that resisted the bill had called for the system to be deleted, saying that it could lead to long work hours and more cases of death by overwork.
"Concerns about increased death from overwork and expansion of targeted duties have not been cleared away," Hasegawa Kaichi of the opposition Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan said during a lower house plenary session.
The bill was supported by the ruling coalition and by the opposition Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) after it was modified to allow high-level professional workers to withdraw from the system if they desired to do so.