- crippling ... gridlock
- 開業式を行う（写真説明の inauguration ceremony は開業式）
- transit line
- preside over ～
- groundbreaking ceremony
- Japan ... Agency
- hamper ～
- red tape
Indonesia's first subway opens in Jakarta
JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) -- Indonesia's first subway opened on March 24 in the country's capital with the aim of relieving crippling traffic gridlock.
Minutes after inaugurating the 16-kilometer transit line running south from Jakarta's downtown, President Joko Widodo presided over a groundbreaking ceremony to mark the beginning of the second phase: an 8-kilometer northward line.
The project, funded through a loan from the Japan International Cooperation Agency, has been planned since the 1980s, but its construction was hampered by political crises, red tape and funding disagreements. Widodo was the Jakarta governor when construction finally kicked off in October 2013.