- 墓（後出 mounded tomb は古墳のこと、(burial) mound はここでは墳墓〈mound は盛り上げる、盛り土〉、bury は埋葬する）
- 登録する（後出 inscription は登録）
- World Heritage
- date back to ～
- comprise ～
- (Imperial) mausoleum
- 天皇（後出 empress は皇后）
- come in for ～
- International ... Sites
- advisory body
The Mozu-Furuichi Kofun Group: Mounded Tombs of Ancient Japan, located in Osaka Prefecture, were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List on July 6 at the 2019 World Heritage Committee in Baku, Azerbaijan.
The inscription is Japan's 23rd entry on the list. The tombs date back to the peak of the Kofun period (around the late fourth to late fifth centuries). They were built in what was one of the political and cultural centers of Japan and are notable for their variety of sizes and shapes. It is thought they were meant to display power to those both in and out of the country.
The heritage site's assets, comprising 49 burial mounds, include the large keyhole-shaped Daisen Kofun, the mausoleum for Emperor Nintoku and one of the world's biggest burial mounds at an overall length of some 486 meters.
Twenty-three of the mounds are located in the Mozu region in Sakai. The other 26, including the Kondagobyoyama Kofun, or Emperor Ojin's mausoleum, measuring 425 meters in overall length, are found in the Furuichi region in Habikino and Fujiidera.
Fukunaga Shinya, a professor at Osaka University who helped create the original proposal recommending the site onto the list, said, "It has been recognized for its record enormity, as well as its diversity of shapes and sizes unparalleled in human history. It has also come in for praise for coexisting with the local population for about 1,600 years."
As 29 of the tombs are classed as Imperial mausoleums, which are tombs of historic emperors and empresses, the general public isn't allowed to enter them, and academic research activities are limited at the sites. The identities of those buried at the mounds have not been verified scientifically.
The International Council on Monuments and Sites, an advisory body to UNESCO that investigates candidates for the list before the final decision is made to inscribe a site, gave its recommendation to include the mounds this May.
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