- 過密の（後出 concentrated は集中して）
- 汚染された（後出 contaminated も同意）
- sparsely populated
- 人口の少ない（後出 densely populated は人口密度の高い）
- (be) prone to ～
- business entity
Indonesia to move capital from sinking Jakarta to Borneo
JAKARTA (AP) — Indonesia's president says the country's capital will move from overcrowded, sinking and polluted Jakarta to a site in sparsely populated East Kalimantan province on Borneo island.
President Joko Widodo said on Aug. 26, intense studies over the past three years had resulted in the choice of the location on the eastern side of Borneo island. The new capital city has not yet been named.
Jakarta is an archetypical Asian megacity with 10 million people. It is prone to earthquakes and flooding and is rapidly sinking due to uncontrolled extraction of groundwater. The groundwater and rivers are highly contaminated.
Currently 54% of the country's nearly 270 million people live on Java, the country's most densely populated area.
Widodo said the decision was made not to move the capital elsewhere on Java because the country's wealth and people are highly concentrated there and should be spread out.
The relocation of the capital to a 180,000-hectare site will take a decade and cost as much as 466 trillion rupiah ($32.5 billion), of which 19% will come from the state budget. The rest will be funded with cooperation between the government and business entities.