- 火災、火（後出 set fire は火を付ける、blaze は炎、wildfire は山火事）
- rain forest
- National ... Research
- keep track
- Group of Seven nations
- pledge ～
- address ～
- 【写真説明】 brush
Nearly 40,000 fires hit Brazil's Amazon rain forest
Nearly 40,000 fires are incinerating Brazil's Amazon rain forest, the latest outbreak in an overactive fire season that has charred the rain forest this year.
The Amazon fires have become a global issue, escalating tensions between Brazil and European countries who believe Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro has neglected commitments to protect biodiversity.
Farmers commonly set fires in this season to clear land for crops or livestock, but sometimes the blazes get out of control. Brazil's National Institute for Space Research, which monitors deforestation, has recorded more than 77,000 wildfires this year, a record since the institute began keeping track in 2013. It is an 85% rise over last year's figure. About half of the fires were in the Amazon region, with many just in July.
The Group of Seven nations on Aug. 26 pledged $20 million to help fight wildfires in the Amazon. But Bolsonaro rejected the international aid because French leader Emmanuel Macron, who is eager in efforts to address global warming, has questioned Bolsonaro's trustworthiness.
The Amazon is called the "lungs of the world" because it produces 20% of the world's oxygen. Bolsonaro has slashed Brazil's strict environmental regulations. (AP)