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英最高裁 議会閉会に違法判決

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top court
最高裁判所 (Supreme Court) のこと
suspension
(ここでは)閉会(後出 suspend はここでは閉会する)
Parliament
議会
illegal
違法の(後出 unlawful も同意)
Brexit
英国のEU離脱のこと(後出 departure はここでは離脱)
unanimous
全会一致の
void and of no effect
無効の
lawmaker
議員
impending
差し迫った
in violation of ~
~に反して
constitutional
憲法上の(後出 written constitution は成文憲法)
justification
理由
establish
(ここでは)確認する
landmark
重大な
prompt
引き起こす
confrontation
にらみ合い
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson (AP)

Top UK court rules suspension of Parliament was illegal   

LONDON (AP) — Britain's top court ruled on Sept. 24 that Prime Minister Boris Johnson's decision to suspend Parliament for five weeks in the crucial countdown to the Oct. 31 Brexit deadline was illegal.

The unanimous Supreme Court ruling declared the order to suspend Parliament for five weeks until Oct. 14 "void and of no effect." The court found that Johnson's suspension had the effect of limiting debate by lawmakers on Britain's impending departure from the European Union (EU) in violation of Parliament's constitutional role.

Supreme Court President Brenda Hale said the suspension "was unlawful because it had the effect of frustrating or preventing the ability of Parliament to carry out its constitutional functions without reasonable justification."

The court also established that Johnson had involved Queen Elizabeth II by giving her improper advice when he sought her permission to suspend Parliament.

The landmark decision was criticized by Johnson and prompted calls for him to quit from opposition leaders.

In this nation without a written constitution, the case marked a rare confrontation between the prime minister, the courts and Parliament over their rights and responsibilities.

[本文‐183 words]

週刊英語学習紙 毎日ウィークリー10月5日号

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