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2月8日号 中国新型肺炎 世界規模での感染拡大続く

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World ... Organization
世界保健機関
outbreak
急激な発生
spark
引き起こす
spike
急増する
tenfold
10倍に
vast ... of ~
~の大部分
Hubei province
湖北省(後出 Wuhan は武漢、写真説明の Anhui province は安徽省、Guangxi Zhuang ... Region は広西チワン族自治区)
coronavirus
呼吸器感染症を起こすウイルス
mutate
変異する
SARS
重症急性呼吸器症候群
deadly
(ここでは)致死率の高い
drastic
(ここでは)徹底的な
containment
封じ込め
suspension
停止
lockdown
(ここでは)封鎖
far-reaching
広範囲にわたる
impose measures
対策を取る
infection
感染(後出 infect は感染させる)
Lunar New Year
春節
dispatch
派遣する
evacuate
避難させる
transmission
伝染
symptom
症状

Spreading Fears   

The World Health Organization declared on Jan. 30 the outbreak sparked by a new virus in China that has spread to more than a dozen countries a global emergency, after the number of cases spiked more than tenfold in a week.

China counted 17,205 cases with 361 deaths as of Feb. 3. The vast majority of the cases have been in Hubei province and its capital, Wuhan.

Scientists have identified the illness as a new kind of coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some of which cause the common cold. Others have mutated into more severe illnesses, such as SARS, although so far the new virus does not appear to be as deadly.

China's increasingly drastic containment efforts began with the suspension of plane, train and bus links to Wuhan, a city of 11 million people. That lockdown has expanded to 17 cities with more than 50 million people in the most far-reaching disease- control measures ever imposed.

To reduce the risk of infection by keeping businesses closed nationwide and the public at home, China extended the Lunar New Year holiday by three days to Feb. 2. The government of Shanghai has extended the holiday by 10 days to Feb. 9.

The Japanese government began dispatching chartered planes on Jan. 28 to evacuate its citizens living in the Wuhan area, and has brought out more than 550 people. The flights also delivered large numbers of face masks, which are in short supply there.

A total of 20 infections had been confirmed in Japan as of Feb. 3. One of those was a tour bus driver from Nara Prefecture, who appears to have been infected in Japan's first case of person- to-person transmission of the virus.

Although Chinese officials and others have suggested that the virus is spreading before people show symptoms, it hasn't been confirmed yet. (Compiled from AP and Mainichi reports)

[本文 - 314 words]

週刊英語学習紙 毎日ウィークリー

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