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7月25日号 トルコ 世俗主義の象徴をモスク化で波紋

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WORDS 単語をチェック

conversion
転換(後出 convert ~ back into ... はここでは~を…に戻す)
high (administrative) court
最高行政裁判所 (Council of State) のこと
annul
無効にする
landmark
歴史的建造物
solidarity
団結
spark
引き起こす
dismay
失望、動揺
Orthodox Christian
(キリスト教)正教徒
cathedral
大聖堂
conquest by ... Empire
オスマン帝国による征服
draw
引きつける
jubilation
歓声
terracotta-hued
れんが色の
cascading
(ここでは)段々になった
minaret
(イスラム教寺院の)尖塔(せんとう)
ruling
決定
chant
繰り返し唱える
Allah
アッラー(イスラム教の唯一神)
break
報じられる
pray
祈る(写真説明の prayer は祈り)
throw one's weight behind ~
~を支援する
petition
請願
secular
世俗的な
~ -oriented party
~指向の政党
decree
(ここでは)大統領令
Religious Affairs Presidency
宗教庁のこと
televised address
テレビ中継された演説
sovereign right
国権
faith
信条、信仰
World Heritage
世界遺産
urge ~ to ...
~に…するよう促す
 

Historic Conversion   

The president of Turkey on July 10 formally converted Istanbul's sixth-century Hagia Sophia back into a mosque, hours after a high court annulled a 1934 decision that had made the religious landmark a museum as a symbol of Christian and Muslim solidarity.

The decision sparked deep dismay among Orthodox Christians. Originally a cathedral for centuries, Hagia Sophia was turned into a mosque after Istanbul's conquest by the Ottoman Empire in 1453, but had been a museum for the last 86 years, drawing millions of tourists annually.

There was jubilation outside the terracotta-hued structure with its cascading domes and four minarets. Dozens of people awaiting the court's ruling chanted "Allah is great!" when the news broke. A large crowd later prayed outside it.

Turkey's high administrative court threw its weight behind a petition brought by a religious group and annulled the 1934 decision by the secular government that turned the site into a museum. Within hours, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who leads an Islamic-oriented party, signed a decree handing over Hagia Sophia to Turkey's Religious Affairs Presidency.

In a televised address, Erdogan said, "It is Turkey's sovereign right to decide for which purpose Hagia Sophia will be used." He rejected the idea that the decision ends Hagia Sophia's status as a structure that brings faiths together.

"Like all of our other mosques, the doors of Hagia Sophia will be open to all, locals or foreigners, Muslims and non-Muslims," Erdogan said.

Erdogan had spoken in favor of turning the hugely symbolic UNESCO World Heritage site back into a mosque despite widespread international criticism, including from U.S. and Orthodox Christian leaders, who had urged Turkey to keep its status as a museum.

Greece's Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said, "This decision clearly affects not only Turkey's relations with Greece but also its relations with the European Union, UNESCO and the world community as a whole." (AP)

[本文 - 312 words]

週刊英語学習紙 毎日ウィークリー

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