- 悲惨な、損害の大きい（後出 dire も悲惨な）
- 流出、垂れ流す（後出 escape は流出する、leak は流出〈する〉）
- state of ... emergency
- run aground
- 座礁する（後出 go aground も同意、stranded は座礁した）
- coral reef
- satellite image
- bulk ... ship
- ばら積み貨物船（後出 hull は船体）
- ～ -reliant
- distress call
- open an inquiry into ～
- Nagashiki Shipping Co. Ltd.
- Mitsui ... Ltd.
- off the coast of ～
- lap at the shore
- pristine lagoon
- drown in ～
The Indian Ocean island of Mauritius declared a "state of environmental emergency" on Aug. 7 after a Japanese-owned ship that ran aground on a coral reef days previously began spilling its thousands of tons of fuel into the ocean.
Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth announced the development on Aug. 7 as satellite images showed a dark slick spreading in the turquoise waters near environmental areas that the government says are "very sensitive."
Mauritius has said the bulk carrier ship, the MV Wakashio, was carrying nearly 4,000 tons of fuel and that cracks have appeared in its hull. As of Aug. 10, an estimated 1,000 tons of heavy oil had already escaped into the sea.
Jugnauth said his government had appealed to France for help, saying the spill "represents a danger" to the tourism-reliant nation of some 1.3 million people. "Our country doesn't have the skills and expertise to refloat stranded ships," he said.
The government said the ship ran aground on July 25 with no distress call. A police inquiry has been opened into possible causes, such as negligence.
In Japan, officials from the ship's owner, Nagashiki Shipping Co. Ltd., and its operator, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd., apologized for the oil leak at their first news conference held on Aug. 9. The officials said the Wakashio left China on July 4 and was on its way to Brazil. The ship was about 1.5 kilometers off the southeast coast of Mauritius when it went aground, even though it was supposed to be 16 to 32 kilometers away from the island. Mitsui is investigating why the ship went off course.
As oily waters lap at the shore, thousands of students, environmental activists and residents of Mauritius tried to reduce the damage to coral reefs. Happy Khambule, the climate and energy manager for environmental group Greenpeace Africa, said, "Thousands of species around the pristine lagoons are at risk of drowning in a sea of pollution, with dire consequences for Mauritius' economy, food security and health." (AP)
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