- ex- ～
- 元～（後出 former ～も同意）
- 大将（後出 Army は陸軍、vice chief of staff は副参謀総長、Marine は海兵隊）
- defense secretary
- 国防長官（後出 Pentagon は国防総省、defense establishment もここでは国防総省）
- in uniform
- 入隊して（後出 out of uniform は退役して）
- 軍（後出 military は軍〈事〉）
- take command of ～
- Central Command
- Islamic State militants
- 議会の（後出 Congress は議会）
- civilian control
Biden nominates ex-General Austin as defense secretary
WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. President-elect Joe Biden nominated retired Army general Lloyd J. Austin to be secretary of defense on Dec. 8. If confirmed by the Senate, Austin would be the first Black leader of the Pentagon.
Biden said the main reason he picked Austin was because he reacts well under pressure.
The 67-year-old Austin served 41 years in uniform. In 2012, he became the first Black vice chief of staff of the Army, the service's No. 2-ranking position. A year later he took command of the U.S. Central Command, and carried out a U.S. military strategy against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.
Austin retired from the Army in 2016, and he would need a congressional waiver of the legal requirement that a former member of the military be out of uniform at least seven years before serving as secretary of defense. That waiver has been accepted only twice — most recently in the case of James Mattis, the retired Marine general who served as President Donald Trump's first Pentagon chief.
Austin is likely to face opposition from some in Congress and in the defense establishment who believe in civilian control of the military.