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バイデン政権、国防長官にオースティン氏 初の黒人指名

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nominate
指名する
ex- ~
元~(後出 former ~も同意)
general
大将(後出 Army は陸軍、vice chief of staff は副参謀総長、Marine は海兵隊)
defense secretary
国防長官(後出 Pentagon は国防総省、defense establishment もここでは国防総省)
president-elect
次期大統領
Senate
上院
in uniform
入隊して(後出 out of uniform は退役して)
service
軍(後出 military は軍〈事〉)
take command of ~
~の指揮を執る
Central Command
中央軍(地域別統合軍の一つで中東地域などを管轄する)
strategy
戦略、策略
Islamic State militants
過激派組織「イスラム国」のこと
congressional
議会の(後出 Congress は議会)
waiver
免除
civilian control
文民統制
Lloyd J. Austin (AP, File)

Biden nominates ex-General Austin as defense secretary   

WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. President-elect Joe Biden nominated retired Army general Lloyd J. Austin to be secretary of defense on Dec. 8. If confirmed by the Senate, Austin would be the first Black leader of the Pentagon.

Biden said the main reason he picked Austin was because he reacts well under pressure.

The 67-year-old Austin served 41 years in uniform. In 2012, he became the first Black vice chief of staff of the Army, the service's No. 2-ranking position. A year later he took command of the U.S. Central Command, and carried out a U.S. military strategy against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria.

Austin retired from the Army in 2016, and he would need a congressional waiver of the legal requirement that a former member of the military be out of uniform at least seven years before serving as secretary of defense. That waiver has been accepted only twice — most recently in the case of James Mattis, the retired Marine general who served as President Donald Trump's first Pentagon chief.

Austin is likely to face opposition from some in Congress and in the defense establishment who believe in civilian control of the military.

[本文‐194 words]

週刊英語学習紙 毎日ウィークリー12月26日号

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